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DSM-5: Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Information about the DSM-5 and Mental Disorders







Books in Library Catalog

Chart of Autism effects


Autism Spectrum Disorder

Intellectual disability

What are Neurodevelopmental Disorders?

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition: DSM-5  defines Neurodevelopmental disorders as "a group of conditions with onset in the developmental period. The disorders typically manifest early in development, often before the child enters grade school, and are characterized by developmental deficits that produce impairments of personal, social, academic, or occupational functioning". 

Disorders categorized as Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The DSM-5 categorizes the following disorders under Neurodevelopmental Disorders:


Intellectual Disorders:

  • Intellectual Developmental Disorder
  • Global Developmental Delay 
  • Unspecified Intellectual Disability

Communication Disorders

  • Language Disorder 
  • Speech Sound Disorder
  • Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering) 
  • Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder 
  • Unspecified Communication Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder 

Specific Learning Disorders

  • Impairment in reading
  • Impairment in written expression
  • Impairment in mathematics

Motor Disorders

  • Developmental Coordination Disorder
  • Stereotypic Movement Disorder

Tic Disorders

  • Tourette's Disorder
  • Persistent (Chronic) Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder 
  • Provisional Tic Disorder
  • Other Specified Tic Disorder 
  • Unspecified Tic Disorder

Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders 


Additional Resources

Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder) 
Intellectual Disability 
Developmental Delay (DD) – Diagnosis and Prognosis 
Developmental delay 
Definitions of Communication Disorders and Variations 
Communication Disorders 
Speech and Communication Disorders 
Autism Spectrum Disorder 
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? 
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children 
What Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? 
What Is Specific Learning Disorder? 
Types of Learning Disabilities 
Specific Learning Disabilities 
Movement Disorders 
Movement Disorders Specialist Directory 
American Institute for Stuttering Treatment and Professional Training (AIS)
American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA)
The Stuttering Foundation 
Autism Speaks 

Autism Speaks is a prominent autism research and advocacy organization. The website contains links to apps, tool kits and a resource guide for families and individuals with autism spectrum disorders.


Neurodevelopment and Neurodevelopmental Disorder


Introduction to Autism: DSM-V


Beyond the Label: How to be a Successful Neurodivergent College Student